Finger Texture Verification Systems Based on multiple spectrum Lighting Sensors with Four Fusion Levels

  • Musab T. Al-Kaltakchi Al-Mustansiriya University, College of Engineering
  • Raid R. Omar Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
  • Hikmat N. Abdullah 3ICE Department, College of Information Engineering, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Tingting Han 2Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
  • Jonathon A. Chambers Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Keywords: Finger texture, Verification systems, Multiple spectrum, Fusion levels


Finger Texture (FT) is one of the most recent attractive biometric characteristic. Itrefers to a finger skin area which is restricted between the fingerprint and the palm print (just after including the lower knuckle). Different specifications for the FT can be obtained by employing multiple images spectrum of lights. This inspired the insight of applying a combination between the FT features that acquired by utilizing two various spectrum lightings in order to attain high personal recognitions. Four types of fusion will be listed and explained here: Sensor Level Fusion (SLF), Feature Level Fusion (FLF), Score Level Fusion (ScLF) and Decision Level Fusion (DLF). Each fusion method is employed and examined for an FT verification system. From the database of Multiple Spectrum CASIA (MSCASIA), FT images have been collected. Two types of spectrum lights have been exploited (the wavelength of 460 nm, which represents a Blue (BLU) light, and the White (WHT) light). Supporting comparisons were performed, including the state-of-the-art. Best recognition performance were recorded for the FLF based concatenation rule by improving the Equal Error Rate (EER) percentages from 5% for the BLU and 7% for the WHT to 2%.