COPRIME ARRAY PARAMETERS OPTIMIZATION FOR DOA ESTIMATION
Sparse array such as the coprime array is one of the most preferable sparse arrays for direction of arrival estimation due to its properties, like simplicity, capability of resolving more sources than the number of elements and resistance to mutual coupling issue. In this paper, a new coprime array model is proposed to increase the number of degree of freedom (DOF) and improve the performance of coprime array. The new designed array can avoid the mutual coupling by minimizing the lag redundancy and expand the central lags in the virtual difference co-array. Thus, the propose structure can resolve more sources than the prototype coprime array using the same number of elements with improved direction of arrival estimation. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed array model is more efficient than the others coprime array model.