LIFETIME MAXIMIZATION OF A MOBILE WSN USING ZRP-FUZZY CLUSTERING PROTOCOL BASED ON ANT-LION OPTIMIZER
Keywords:Sink mobility, WSN, ZRP, Fuzzy logic, Ant-lion Optimization
Wireless Sensor Networks require energy-efficient protocols for communication and data fusion to integrate data and extend the lifetime of the network. An efficient clustering algorithm for sensor nodes will optimize the energy efficiency of WSNs. However, the clustering process requires additional overhead, such as selection of cluster head, cluster creation, and deployment. This paper prepared a modified ZRP for mobile WSN clustering scheme and optimization using ant-lion optimization algorithm and so far named as mobility cluster head fuzzy logic based on the zone routing protocol (ZRP-FMC-ALO). Which proposed fuzzy logic approach based on three descriptors node for the selection of the CH nodes such as, residual energy, the concentration, and the centrality of the node and also exploited the concept of the mobility of the Base Station (BS) to prolong the life span of a WSN. The performance of the proposed protocol compared with the famous protocol such as LEACH. Using the MATLAB simulator and the result shows that it outperforms in terms of the WSN network lifetime, the average remaining-consuming energy, and the number of a live node.